What is CKD – Chronic Kidney Disease and how we can treat it

CKD stands for Chronic Kidney Disease, which is a long-term condition where the kidneys do not function properly. The kidneys have the crucial role of filtering waste products and excess fluids from the blood to form urine. When the kidneys are damaged or not functioning as they should for an extended period, it can lead to CKD.

Causes of CKD include diabetes, high blood pressure, glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidney’s filtering units), polycystic kidney disease (a genetic disorder causing fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys), and other conditions affecting kidney function.

Controlling underlying conditions:

Controlling underlying conditions:-

  • Blood pressure management: Keeping blood pressure under control is crucial to slow down the progression of kidney damage.
  • Diabetes management: If diabetes is the underlying cause, tight blood sugar control is essential.


  • Medications may be prescribed to manage specific symptoms or complications associated with CKD.
  • Medications to control blood pressure, such as ACE inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), are commonly used.

Lifestyle changes:-

  • Adopting a healthy lifestyle can help manage CKD. This includes a balanced diet, regular exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Restricting salt intake is often recommended to help manage blood pressure and fluid retention.

Dietary modifications:-

A renal diet may be prescribed, which typically involves controlling protein, sodium, potassium, and phosphorus intake.

Avoiding nephrotoxic substances:-

Patients with CKD should avoid substances that can further harm the kidneys, such as certain medications, excessive use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and contrast agents used in medical imaging.

Regular monitoring:-

Regular check-ups with healthcare providers are crucial to monitor kidney function, blood pressure, and overall health.

In advanced stages of CKD, when kidney function has significantly declined, more aggressive interventions may be required, including dialysis or kidney transplantation.

It’s important to note that the treatment plan for CKD is individualized based on the specific circumstances and underlying causes for each patient. Therefore, anyone with CKD should work closely with their healthcare team to develop a personalized treatment plan.